Land Duty Paid or LDP is the final cost that a seller pays for goods that have been imported from one country to another. The importer typically pays the duty and then passes the cost on to the consumer.
LDP shipping includes crafting, handling, packing, insurance, transportation and extra expenses such as exchange rates, purchasing tariffs, free on board (FOB), export licenses, and port charges.
You can calculate LDP using the following formula:
product + shipping + customs + risk + overhead = LDP